I think you’ll agree with me that chefs need disability insurance.
But, time gets in the way, and you don’t buy any.
Until it’s too late.
If you are a chef, your work is hands-on…literally!
You enjoy the challenge of supervising the food preparation as well as your staff. No day at the restaurant is the same! You rely on your technical skills as well as your physical ability to get the job done.
However, have you ever thought about what could happen if you could no longer do your job?
Have you ever thought about what would happen if you became sick, ill, injured, and disabled?
How would you pay your bills if you could not work?
Moreover, how this all affects your loved ones and family?
Disability quickly affects your future plans and the lifestyle you worked so hard for.
Here’s what we will discuss:
- What Is Disability Insurance?
- #1 Reason You Need Disability Insurance
- Disability Insurance Underwriting
- Strong Elements Needed In Every Disability Insurance Policy
- Disability Insurance Riders
- Best Disability Insurance
- What If You Own A Restaurant?
- What If You Are An Employee?
- Estimated Premiums For Chefs
- How We Can Help
Let’s jump in and give a quick, but on-point, discussion about disability insurance.
What Is Disability Insurance?
Disability insurance is, simply, a type of insurance that pays you a dollar benefit if you can’t work due to illness or injury.
Do chefs need disability insurance?
Many chefs tell me, “No”, but if you:
(1) Make money, and
(2) You use that money to pay your mortgage, groceries, and other needs, and
(3) If you and your family would be in a tough financial situation if you could not work, then:
It is really that simple.
Essentially, if you will struggle to pay the bills like your mortgage upon an illness or injury, you probably need disability insurance.
It’s Paycheck Protection
Think of disability insurance as “paycheck protection”.
Think about how you are able to pay for things.
We have our house, cars, vacations, luxury items, and necessities. Think of all that.
How do you get the money to pay for all of that?
From working, you ask?
Yes. All of that is derived from your ability to work and earn an income.
Conversely, all of that is potentially gone with your inability to work and earn an income.
How much benefit do you receive if you can’t work? That depends on how much you make and your income. Depending on your situation as a chef, carriers might insure up to 60% of your gross salary. If you are self-employed, carriers will insure maybe 80% of your net income.
Wait, John. Why don’t I get 100% of my income, you ask?
Good question. Carriers rarely insure 100% of your income or salary. Why? Well, there are a couple of reasons:
- If you receive a benefit, your benefit is income tax-free. So, you pay no taxes on your benefit, and
- To incentivize you back to work
Human nature tells us that if we receive 100% of our income, we probably don’t want to go back to work, right?
There are ways to potentially obtain 100% of your income. It is outside the scope of the article. If you want to learn more, feel free to reach out to us.
Disability Insurance Is Your Spare Tire For Life
As a final thought here in this section, think of disability insurance as a “spare tire”.
You really don’t think of your spare tire (or AAA) until you really need it.
And, when you do, you are thankful you have that spare tire or the AAA membership. A temporary tire replaces your flat. You are back on the road, and you get your other tire repaired.
Disability insurance is no different, except it gets you back on the road of your life.
It’ll provide some money that’ll help pay the bills while you focus on your treatments and getting better.
#1 Reason Chefs Need Disability Insurance
There are really 3 reasons why chefs need disability insurance. We’ve talked about the first 2 ad nauseum in many other articles. Here are the first 2:
- A disability happens way more than you think – this is true. The Social Security Administration reports that a person between the age of 20 and normal retirement age has a 25% chance of experiencing a disability.
Remember that anything injury or illness-related can be a disability if it prevents you from doing your job as a chef. It’s not just “wheelchair-related” disabilities. A disability for a chef could be depression, COVID-19, MS, a severe injury, and on and on…
- A disability can last a long time. There are stats stating that the average disability is 3 years. Maybe. Personally, I think that information is a bit flawed as it probably includes people who don’t want to go back to work. The claims departments I speak with tell me their average claims are around 18 months.
Regardless, can you survive financially without receiving a paycheck or income for 1, 2, or 3 years and more?
Think hard about that. This brings us to our #1 reason why chefs need disability insurance.
Here’s The #1 Reason: More Important People Rely On You
Your patrons are very important. There is also a group of people who are more important. Who can be more important than the people who come to the restaurant, you think. They pay my income. Without them, I wouldn’t have anything.
True. But, the patrons don’t love you as your family loves you. By far, if you have a family, your spouse and children rely on you more than you think. They love you more than anything.
If you are disabled without disability insurance, there will be tough questions that need answering and tough decisions need to be made.
Would you and your family be able to continue your standard of living without your income? If not, what is “plan B”?
Would your spouse have to work or work more? He or she would have to. How?
Would you need to sell your home to make ends meet? (Truthfully, I had a person call me about this. This is why disability insurance is way more important for “mortgage protection” than life insurance.)
Who could be flexible with the children? Would you have the money to hire someone to take care of the kids? The tough questions can go on and on.
With disability insurance, you have peace of mind knowing that you have a plan – and income – in place should the unexpected happen.
Disability Insurance Underwriting For Chefs
It’s important to understand how disability insurance carriers underwrite your application.
Oh, I just went through the life insurance process. I know how it works, you say.
Great. But, disability insurance underwriting is completely different.
Carriers aren’t insuring your mortality. They are insuring your morbidity. In other words, the risk of a disabling accident or illness and paying you a percentage of your salary.
So, carriers look at the following attributes in an application. Carriers look at your:
- Income / Salary
- Other hazards and lifestyle situations
Specifics About Underwriting
Age is a factor. The older you are, the more expensive the policy – all things being equal, of course. This is why you want to start your policy as soon as possible.
Obviously, your health matters. If you have a chronic illness or had a severe injury in the past, likely that illness or injury won’t be covered. Additionally, carriers can limit benefits based on any health conditions. For example, if you take any anxiety or depression medication, nearly all the carriers limit the waiting period to a minimum of 90 days.
As we mentioned before, carriers insure a percentage of your salary. This percentage is usually 60% of your gross salary.
Your occupation matters as well. All the disability insurance carriers classify your occupational disability risk. The classification table is usually a 1 to a 5 (or 6 with some carriers). An occupation with a class 1 is the riskiest while an occupation with a class 5 is the least. For example, carriers classify a construction laborer at a 1 and an accountant at a 5.
Usually, carriers classify the chef occupation at a class 2 or class 3.
Finally, carriers also consider other situations and lifestyle choices like hazardous hobbies. Do you like to rock climb? If so, that hobby will be excluded from your policy.
What Do The Carriers Do With The Information?
The underwriters review all this information and make an approval decision or not. They routinely look up your medical background in the MIB, prescription drug databases, driving records, tax records, etc.
As we discussed, certain situations may limit benefits, benefit periods, and/or waiting periods. They may also increase premiums to compensate for an increased disability risk. For example, if you use marijuana, some carriers will rate your policy (i.e. increase the premiums).
Nevertheless, if your benefits are modified in any way, it still makes sense to purchase the policy. We discuss more in our disability underwriting guide.
Strong Elements Needed In Every Disability Insurance Policy For Chefs
Enrolling in disability insurance can be a double-edged sword.
Here’s what I mean.
You have many disability insurance riders to customize your policy.
However, many of these riders are confusing and expensive.
We’ll discuss those riders later; however, there are provisions we believe should be in every disability insurance plan for chefs.
Having these provisions creates a strong, formidable plan if you need to make a claim.
We discuss these “non-negotiables” next.
#1 The Own Occupation Disability Definition For Chefs
The definition of disability matters. You generally want some type of “own occupation” definition.
There are two common “degrees” of the own occupation definition: “true” own occupation and the “modified” own occupation definition. (There are other own occupation definitions, but these are the two most common.)
Here’s what they each mean. The “true” own-occupation definition means:
- you will receive a disability benefit based on your inability to do your job (as a chef), AND
- also work simultaneously in another job for an earned income (should you decide you can).
In other words, you can continue to work in another occupation while receiving disability benefits for the inability to do your job as a chef.
So, if you can’t use your hands, but you can greet people at Walmart, you will receive disability benefits in addition to your earnings as a Walmart greeter.
Modified own occupation is a bit different. You will receive a disability benefit based on your inability to do your job. However, you can’t work in another job. So, if you worked as a Walmart greeter, you won’t receive disability benefits under the modified own occupation definition. This is a good definition, too.
Be Aware Of The Any Occupation Definition
Finally, there is the stringent “any” occupation definition. This means, simply, if you can work in any gainful occupation (for which you are reasonably suited, considering your education, training, and experience), the carrier denies your benefits. So, under this definition, you won’t receive a disability benefit based on your education and experience as a chef because the insurance carrier says you can work as a Walmart greeter.
Do you want this definition? As a chef, probably not. You probably want some type of own occupation definition.
However, let’s say you have a long-term problem with your left wrist or arm because of work repetition. Can you do another job? If you can, then any occupation definition won’t pay a benefit.
Personally, I always like to play it safe and have clients’ policies contain at a minimum the “modified” own occupation definition.
#2 Residual / Partial Disability Benefits
Some disabilities start out as a partial disability. For example, multiple sclerosis can likely start out as a partial disability, which means you can work, but not full-time.
This rider will pay a benefit if you work in your occupation, but you experience an income loss of 20% or more compared to your pre-disability income.
Usually, the amount of disability income you receive is a percentage of your total monthly disability benefit. For example, let’s say you are partially disabled and experience a 40% income loss. If your monthly disability benefit is $4,000, you will receive $1,600 ($4,000 X 40%).
Why would you need this rider? Here’s why:
Most disability insurance policies allow partial disability benefits, but only upon the completion of a total disability first.
This means if you are only partially disabled (i.e. you can still work but not full-time), you will not receive any benefits until you have met the carrier’s requirements for total disability first. But, you are partially disabled, not totally disabled. Without this rider, you won’t receive any partial disability benefits until you have met the total disability requirements first. Ugh!
Typically, this rider circumvents the total disability requirement and allows you to receive benefits immediately (after you satisfy the elimination period).
Here is a very easy example. You lose feeling in your wrists and fingers. The doctor says you need to rest and limits your work to 2 days per week. Without this rider – or a plan that has a partial benefit without a total disability requirement first – you would not receive any disability benefits because you are still working.
#3 Guaranteed Or Future Purchase Option
This option allows you to obtain the coverage you need now with the option to purchase additional coverage in the future without evidence of good health. You just need to show your salary or self-employed income increased (through a W-2 or your tax return).
In other words, you can buy more disability insurance as your salary or income grows (subject to carrier income and coverage limits) with no underwriting?
How great is that?
For instance, you can develop type 2 diabietes, develop RA, or get hurt. You can still buy more disability insurance.
Typically, carriers allow additional purchases every 2 years up to age 55. (You do not need to wait 2 years if you had a life change, defined as a marriage the death of a spouse, divorce, or birth or adoption of a child; Instead within 3 months of a life change, you may purchase additional coverage.)
I believe having these 3 provisions creates a formidable plan should you make a claim.
There are other options. Let’s discuss some of those riders next.
Disability Insurance Riders For Chefs
There are plenty of disability insurance riders to customize your policy.
However, some just aren’t worth the extra cost. We are being honest here. The last thing we want is for you to spend your hard-earn money on something you don’t need.
Some riders, though, may be worth it in your situation.
Here are some riders that might be advantageous for chefs.
Catastrophic Disability Benefit
This rider pays an additional benefit, above and beyond, your base monthly benefit. It pays if you:
- Can’t perform 2 out of 6 activities of daily living, or
- Have irreversible cognitive impairment like Alzheimer’s
(Carrier’s requirements may be different.)
You can use this extra benefit to pay for your bills, needs, and care.
It’s not a terribly expensive rider as most disabilities are not permanent in nature.
But, they do happen.
Some carriers will pay this extra benefit for up to your select benefit period.
Others allow to age 65 coverage for catastrophic disability coverage, provided you meet certain underwriting requirements.
Mental, Nervous, Substance Abuse Rider
Nearly all the disability insurance policies issued in the US have limitations on disabilities due to an emotional or nervous disorder like anxiety or depression.
Additionally, carriers limit claims due to substance abuse like drug and alcohol abuse.
They typically limit these disabilities to 24 months of claims coverage.
Even if I have a longer benefit period, John?
Yes. You can have a 5-year benefit period, for example, and are covered only 24 months due to a nervous or emotional disorder.
Unless you purchase this rider. This rider extends disabilities due to a mental or nervous disorder to match the benefit period.
So, using the prior example, if you have a 5-year benefit period and you purchased this rider, then your coverage for nervous and emotional disorders is also 5 years.
Note: a pre-existing condition of a nervous or emotional disorder like anxiety precludes this rider.
These riders are discussed in more detail in our disability insurance rider guide. In that guide, we also discuss riders that are a waste of money (in our opinion), so it is worth the read.
The Best Disability Insurance For Chefs
You are probably wondering who we like to work with. First, we work with many disability insurance carriers. So, we are sure we can find one that meets your needs and budget.
However, not all carriers insure chefs the same. Look at these snapshots out of two underwriting guides of a couple of popular carriers. One blankets the chef occupation at a 2. However, if you are a head chef, another carrier classifies your occupation at a 3.
As we discussed, all things being equal, the higher your class, the lower your premium.
We like to use the carriers that allow a class 3 for chefs when possible.
Additionally, the carriers we like all have the:
- Own-occupation definition
- Partial disability benefits
- Guaranteed purchase options
Moreover, we like carriers that offer additional, value-added options as we discussed. For example, one carrier we like offers value-added benefits like retraining programs for a new career if you can’t do your job as a chef.
If you are Christian, we also work with a carrier dedicated to practicing Christians.
Contact us if you would like to learn more. We are happy to chat with you. Since we work with so many disability insurance carriers, I am sure we can find a carrier that meets your needs and budget.
Be careful of blindly applying online without knowing what you are getting yourself into. Buying directly online, currently, is the wrong way to buy disability insurance. Why? As we illustrated earlier, there are many moving parts with disability insurance. For example, we spoke to one professional who went online and selected a quote for $800 per month! Talk about sticker shock!
With our knowledge and experience, we were able to get her the “formidable” plan for $100 per month.
How Chefs Protect Their Restaurant With Disability Insurance?
So far, we’ve discussed disability insurance that pays a benefit based on your individual needs. In other words, you use that money to pay for your mortgage, utilities, etc.
What if you are a chef and own a restaurant? If so, you have additional options.
You can enroll in a policy that will pay your business expenses upon a disability. The policy is called a business overhead expense policy. Premiums are tax-deductible.
If structured properly, benefits are tax-free as well.
This type of policy pays your business expenses (rather than a personal benefit to you). It will ensure your business remains solvent during your inability to work from a disability. This is an additional reason why chefs need disability insurance.
Carriers who offer this type of insurance typically offer a discount on an individual disability insurance policy. Additionally, we only work with carriers that offer an occupation upgrade as well, which means lower premium cost, all things being equal.
If you have any business loans, we also have disability insurance for business loans. A separate policy protects your promise to pay the bank or lender.
What If You Are An Employee?
If you are an employee and your employer offers disability insurance, you can buy more.
We typically can stack an individual policy on your group plan. Why would you want to do this?
In our experience, there are two reasons why:
- Group plans are limited with benefits, and/or
- The government taxes your benefit
That’s right. That disability benefit you receive through work is taxable upon a claim. Talk about adding insult to injury. Not only are you sick or hurt and trying to get through that, but also the government taxes you on that benefit.
The great news is that the additional benefit is usually not that expensive. Additionally, it covers well more than what you would have to pay in taxes.
Speaking of cost, let’s discuss what the cost of disability insurance for chefs could be.
Disability Insurance Costs For Chefs
After all of this, how much does disability insurance cost for chefs? That’s the $1,000,000 question. Well, the premiums you pay are a function of everything we discussed above.
However, disability insurance is not incredibly expensive.
Depending on your situation, disability insurance costs between $1.00 and $4.00 per day. Sometimes it is more; sometimes it is less.
The cost is about the cost of a cup of coffee at your favorite coffee shop. Even in these economic times of rising inflation.
If you can afford a cup of coffee, or lunch, you can certainly afford disability insurance.
For example, a male chef, age 35, makes $50,000. A disability insurance plan on him starts out at $66 per month or $2.17 per day.
Think about what you spend on each day. You can definitely afford disability insurance.
How Can My Family Life Insurance Help?
We hope now you have a solid idea of why chefs need disability insurance.
Confused? Don’t feel that way. We’re here to help educate you and protect your income and future. Don’t know where to start? Use this disability insurance needs analysis worksheet. Follow the instructions; it is rather easy to fill out (we at My Family Life Insurance try to make understanding insurance easy).
Next, feel free to reach out to us for our assistance or a quote. Or, use the form below.
We only work for you, your family, and your best interests only. We have helped many chefs secure the right disability insurance for their specific situation, giving them and their families peace of mind.
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